B.17. & E.39. Most representatives of French departments (dpts)
refuse or are not able to grant an urgent help fund (
FAR)
against AIDS precarity in France and in Africa :
detail, discussion and proposals.


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SUMMARY

Issues : The FAR is an urgent help fund created by Positifs association for the seropositive persons in social precarity. As more and more people living in France and in Africa contact us, we have decided to also request the representatives in all French departments and regions : Departmental Direction of Sanitary and Social Affairs / DDASS (dd), General Council (cg), Regional Council (cr), Economic and Social Council (ce). Therefore, on 19.03 and on 26.05.1999, we sent a 5 pages letter to these representatives (n=250 : 99/dd, 99/cg, 26/cr, 26/ce) with a request for subsidies (50,000FF for each) for the FAR.

Results : We have received 100 replies (dd=26/99, cg=53/99, cr=13/26, ce=8/26) [We have received the last response on 02 May 2000 that is to say almost one year after we have sent our initial letter]. Among them, 22* (19/cg, 3/dd) asked us first of all to fill up a supplementary file. Finally, none of them agreed to feed the FAR. Advanced reasons :

1. Geographical pattern (n=46/134, 16/dd - 28/cg - 2/cr) : our registered office set out the dpt or out the region (n=29 with 4*), no activity with departmental scope or favor (n=7 with 3*), no people or not enough living on dpt helped by the FAR (n=8 with 2*), national activity of the FAR (n=2),
2. Legal pattern (n=29/134, 6/dd - 13/cg - 10/cr) : AIDS fight falls within the competence of the State according to the legislator (n=10 with 1*), no subside for social urgent help fund in the area of AIDS fight (n=5), all HIV persons in social difficulties come under the common law (n=10 with 1*), the cr is not competent to step in the areas of health and social matters according to the law (n=4),
3. Subside already granted to another association acting in AIDS area (n=23/134, 7/dd - 12/cg - 4/cr) : restricted to prevention and/or information (n=6) or without precision (n=15) [Among the mentioned associations, two have a national activity and among the 15 others, all are sub-branches of AIDES association which have a national activity], wish to subsidize a restricted number of associations (n=2, one of which is cg of Paris),
4. Budgetary limits (n=16 with 5*/134, 5/dd, 8/cg - 3/cr),
5. Other priority without precision (n=1/134, 1/cg),
6. No transmited reason (n=11 with 8*/134, 2/dd - 8/cg - 1/cr),
7. ce have only advisory (n=6/134) or orientation competences (n=2/134). Nevertheless, some of them have encouraged us (n=34) and 40 others more strongly (9 dd, 20 cg, 6 cr, 5 ce).

Conclusions : Implication of dd, cg, cr and ce against AIDS precarity is inapropriate and insufficient. Moreover, certains arguments are doubtful (particularly the withdrawal in their own department) and even conflicting between each dd, cg and cr. However the full details of results must be consulted to discuss them in depth (published on our Internet web site <http://www.positifs.org/> where 1 millions of connexions have been reached). Our proposal : each department could feed the FAR at a level taking into account the similar projects already granted and with a percentage (50% ?) intented to people living with AIDS in their department.

Authors : G. MAURISSON, C. BOULLANGIER, A. RICHERT, G. MAURISSON Jr., A. CAPRANI, POSITIFS association, BP 230, 75865 Paris cedex 18, France, mailto:positifs@positifs.org.


Table of contents.

I. Presentation.

II. Results. Translation not yet available

III. Discussion. Translation not yet available

IV. Conclusion and proposals. Translation not yet available

V. Annex A : Addresses of the contacted institutions.Translation not yet available.

VI. AnnexB : Maps and graphical representations

SPOKESMAN :

Doctor Gilbert MAURISSON
Secretary-general of POSITIFS association
and co-official of the FAR


I. Presentation. 

Before explaining the results of this vast operation, we shall reproduce the last presentation of the FAR made for the 13th International Conference on AIDS (Durban, South Africa, 9-14/07/2000, abstract accepted under the number E.4868, updated during May 2000 ; other pieces of information about the FAR are also given in chapter III.). In this connection, we wish to emphasize the importance of the slogan chosen by the organizers of this conference : BREAK THE SILENCE (<http://www.aids2000.com>).
A previous presentation of the FAR has been made for the
Second International Conference on Health, Precariousness, Vulnerability in Europe (1-2/12/1998, Maison de la Chimie, Paris, France), set out by the Institut de l'Humanitaire ).

 

An urgent help fund for HIV-infected persons : "Fond d'Aide Rapide" (FAR).

Issues : The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection has lead a number of people to social precarity mainly because they have lost their jobs. But the hope of a chronical remission is more and more likely to happen since tritherapies (1997) and other treatments under investigations have been used. It is therefore more and more important to fight against social exclusion. Indeed social exclusion represents an important stress that can influence people immunity. Paradoxically, people in a precarious position due to any serious illness encounter more and more difficulties when they request financial assistance from associations or institutions (like social services) with consequent financial means.

Description : The FAR ("Fond d'Aide rapide") is an urgent help fund. It was created in 1998 by Positifs association. Its purpose is to help within a few days HIV positive people who are in a difficult social and financial position due to theit illness. Thanks to the Freddy Mercury's Fundation and to the revenues of two concerts of music (Voices against AIDS / Des Voix contre le Sida in Paris and The Arbolesco Vocal Band / Groupe Vocal Arbolesco in Amiens), Positifs has been able to collect 200,000FF since 1998.
So, we have been able to help 128 people. Among the 89 living in France (28 are natives of Africa), 44 had already made demands to social services and to other associations, but without success (72 already benefited from social allowances). Each person received an amount between 1,000 and 5,000FF, according to each situation. For the present, the allowances have been often limited to a maximum of 3.000FF because the number of subsidies for the FAR are still insufficient. The allowances could eventually be made in certain cases in the form of an interest free loan so that we could help a geatest number of people. We also helped 39 persons living in Africa via sister organisations. The requests from benefit from the FAR were motivated by : difficult end of months, housing, debts, taxes, travel expenses, assistance for a job, for the holidays, health expenses, dental care, maternity, schooling.

Conclusion : Many requests for subsidies to feed this fund have been carried out. Among the organizations which did not agree to grant the FAR, we cannot keep silent on two of them because it is about the AIDS Section of the General Direction of Health (junior minister's office in the Employment and Solidarity Ministry) and about the Under-Direction in the Health and in the Social Development of Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It's a long and complicated work and the result is quite dissapointing. This can be explained for the major part by the retractance of subventioning organisations due to the disappropriation of funds by certain associations. So, we decided that the running cost of the FAR can't go beyond 10% of the allocated sums and to publish regularly in our Internet website (<http://www.positifs.org/>) the details of all granted assistances with the FAR (monthly means, fixed household expenses, social follow-up, other requested assistances, other granted assistances, FAR assistance).
More and more seropositive persons appeal to us, because of their precariousness. The assistances of the institutionnal organisms are insufficient, and except POSITIFS and few other associations fighting AIDS, these people don't know anymore who to request. Are we their last resort?

Authors : A. CAPRANI, C. BOULLANGIER, G. MAURISSON, POSITIFS association, BP 230, 75865 Paris cedex 18, France; mailto:positifs@positifs.org.


Links :

B.7. & E.14. Plan for an Urgent Help Fund (FAR). (In french)

B.8. & E.29. The Urgent Help Fund (FAR): a necessity at last operational !

B.13. & E.33. Le Fond d'Aide Rapide (FAR):
Une réponse à la précarité sociale engendrée par le Sida
et pour d'autres maladies
.
(In french)

B.14. & E.36. Results of the Urgent Help Fund of POSITIFS association (FAR/Fond d'Aide Rapide):
October 1998 - September 99. (In french)

B.15. & E.37. Results of the Urgent Help Fund of POSITIFS association (FAR/Fond d'Aide Rapide):
October 1999 - January 2004 (n° 79 to 140).

B.16. & E.38. Petition against several types of exclusion and for the support in the fight against AIDS and against precariousness. (In french)

FAQ: Exclusion. (In french)



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