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20. FAQ.

E. Musiciens

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Harry James

Stafford L. James

Leroy Jenkins

Quincy Jones

Duke Jordan

Louis Jordan

Harry James


- Charles Garrod : Harry James and His Orchestra, Revised ed., 1937-45, 1946-54, 1955-83, Zephyrhills, Fla., 1996.


Stafford L. James


Double Bass / Composer 
“The world of music is far greater than one’s categorization of musics or musicians.
The common thread is based on excellence and one’s openness to the global community and not only to special interests”
– S. James

Born: April 24, 1946, Evanston, Illinois, U.S.A. French & American citizenships


• Chicago Conservatory College: Bass Studies - Rudolf Fasbender, Major Professor

• Mannes College of Music: Bass Studies - Julius Levine, Major Professor

Stylistic characteristics:

Fluid Arco Style where Contrabass plays Melodies & Solos.

Pizzicato: Singing Quality in approach.


(Contrebass - Classic)

• United Nations International School - New York (73-76)

• Umbria Summer Music Clinics, Perugia - Italy (84-86)

• The New School - NYC (86-88)

• Music Conservatory of Sydney, Australia (81 and 82)


U.S.A. (including Hawaii), Mexico, Brazil, Puerto Rico, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, England, France, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Luxembourg, Italy, Sardinia, Spain, Portugal, India, Syria, Sudan, Egypt, Morocco, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Uzbekistan (Samarkand).


Kenny Barron, Betty Carter, Al Cohn, Alice Coltrane, Dameronia,
Sonny Fortune, Dexter Gordon, Slide Hampton, Jimmy Heath, Bobby Hutcherson, J.J. Johnson, Milt Jackson, Melba Moore, Woody Shaw,
Joe Williams, Nancy Wilson, Mingus Dynasty, Freddy Hubbard, Jacky Maclean, Art Blakey, Pharoah Sanders, McCoy Tyner Trio.

Ukrainian National Orchestra (by invitation - 1991)


Albert Ayler "Music is the Healing Force", ABC

"Water Music", Paramount Impulse

Gary Bartz I've Known Rivers", Fantasy

"Follow the Medicine Man", Fantasy

Dexter Gordon "Homecoming", C.B.S.

"The Best of Dexter Gordon" C.B.S.

Robin Kenyatta "Namosa", Muse

Andrew Hill "Spiral", Arista

Oliver Lake "Heavy Spirits", Arista

John Scofield "Rough House", Enja

Woody Shaw "Little Red's Fantasy", Muse

"Live at Berlin", Muse

"For Sure", C.B.S.

"The Best of Woody Shaw", C.B.S.

"Master of the Art", Elektra

"Night Music", Elektra

"Live in Europe", Red Records

"Lotus Flower", Enja

Bill Hardman "Focus", Muse

Cecil Payne "Casbah" Empathy

Jimmy Heath "Peer Pleasure", Landmark

Ronnie Mathews "Salana's Dance", Timeless

Barney Wilen "French Movie Themes", Timeless

Pharoah Sanders "Moon Child", Timeless

"Ballads", Timeless

Lavelle "Tribute - Nat King Cole"

Stafford James "Stafford James", Horo

"The Stafford James Ensemble", Red Records

"Le Gecko", StajaMusic in co-poduction with WDR Radio, Cologne


Recorded by other artists

Bertha Baptist Gary Bartz (Fantasy)

Harvey Mason (Arista)

Lee Ritenour (MCA)

Also sampled and re-arranged by WUZ & Alex Gopher for their Long Island French House Music CD

Sashia-nova Woody Shaw (Muse)

P.J. Perry (Canadian Records)

My Gift to You Louis Hayes (Muse)

Game Woody Shaw (Enja)

Teotiuacan " "

Blues in the Pocket Joan Cartwright

Recorded by the Stafford James Project
City of Dreams

Neptune's Child

Costa Bruciata

Untitled Blues

12 for 4, Del Samba Stafford

Le Gecko 

Stafford James (Horo)

 " "

 " "

 " "

 James (Red Records) 

 Staja Records

Including: Cap Bénat, le Gecko, Gaia, Cristallissime, Changing World, Good News a’ comin’, When and How, Espoir, Kisses and Rainbows & Tongue ‘n cheek.

A large number of other original compositions are performed by the SJP in live concerts and have been recorded by various radios, amongst which are

Cimiez, Capo Tasto, That’s What Dreams are Made of, Solitudes, Consequence, Kaleïdoscope, Sauvez la Terre, Conspectus, Rejuvenation, Glide, Humility, Musinta, Muguet, Nighthawk, Espoir, To say you love, etc.

"Sonatina" for Viola d'Amore and Double Bass,

"Spirit of Man" for Chamber Orchestra,

"Ethiopia Suite" for 2 Basses, String Quartet, Drums and Percussion (Premiered with 10 dancers in New York in April 1986),

"Untitled Solo Viola d'Amore".


From Rossini, Brahms, Boccherini, Soler & Scarlatti.


Festivals :


La Spezia Festival

Ivrea International Festival



Zelt Music Festival

St Ingbert (Special Project for 2 contrabasses, drums & percussions)


Telluride Music Festival

Village Gate, NYC


Johnnie & Jazz Masters

The Netherlands 

The North Sea Jazz Festival








Recitals :

Sonatina for Viola d'Amore and Double Bass

University of Texas in Austin, USA &

3rd International Viola d'Amore Congress in Stuttgart, Germany

European Premieres :

"Sonatina for Viola d'Amore and Doublebass" (1988)

Europaisches Musikfest Stuttgart, Germany

"Des pyrénnées à la Mer" (1990)

Orchestre National de Bordeaux

Radio shows & recordings :

W.D.R. Cologne, Germany 1988, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002

"Sunrise", & "Abstemious" are 2 original compositions for Viola d'Amore, Guitar, Vibraphone, Bass, Trap set Drums and Percussion which were written especially for one of these recorded occasions.

    Radio France - 1989, 1990, 1993 & 2002  
    Bayerischer Rundfunk (Munich) 1993
    W.B.G.O. - New York, U.S.A. - 1990
    NPS, The Netherlands Jan 97 - Stafford James Special Project


1976 - National Endowment for the Arts

1984 - World Tour USIS (United States Information Services - former USIA)

1985 – New York State Council for the Arts


1986 - Viola d'Amore (International Viola d’Amore Society)


Recipient of the 1998 Civitella Ranieri Foundation Fellowship in Umbertide, Italy and New York, USA.


1994 - Europeean Jazz Competition, Leverkusen, Germany


The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz

The International Who’s Who in Music -Vol. 2 Pop Music 2000

& Light Classical Music 2002 (Melrose Press)

Penguin Guide to Jazz (Penguin)

Dictionnaire du Jazz (Bouquins)

Encyclopedia of Jazz in the 70’s (Horizon)


Leroy Jenkins

March 11, 1932 - February 24, 2007

Narrative biography, February 26, 2007

Leroy Jenkins is renowned as a virtuoso violinist and for his compositions and operas which are an extraordinary bonding of a variety of sounds associated with the African American music tradition and European styles. 

Throughout his long career, Jenkins never stopped experimenting. At Harvestworks Digital Art Center where he was Artist in Residence in 2005, he and Mary Griffin developed an interactive music/video instrument which allows Jenkins, "Blue" Gene
Tyranny, and the other musicians in Coincidents to manipulate multiple video tapes with their acoustic instruments and voices. Most recently, he assembled a world music improvisatory group - Jin Hi Kim (Komungo) Korea, Rmesh Misra (Sarangi) India, Yacorba Sissoko (Kora) Africa, Leroy Jenkins (Violin) USA. A recording of the group, made at an AACM concert will be released shortly.

In the last fifteen years, Jenkins has turned his attention to music/theater pieces: Fresh Faust, a rap opera was presented in workshop at the Institute of Creative Arts in Boston. The Negro Burial Ground, a cantata, was presented in workshop at the
Kitchen Center in New York. A later work, The Three Willies, an operatic collaboration with Homer Jackson was presented at The Painted Bride in Philadelphia (1996), and at the Kitchen, NYC (2001). Coincidents an opera, with librettist Mary Griffin will receive its premiere in June at Roulette. Jenkins is developing two new operas: Bronzeville, a history of South Side Chicago in the 20s through 50s with Mary Griffin, and Minor Triad, a musical drama with composer/librettist, Carmen Moore. 

Leroy Jenkins was born on March 11, 1932 and began his violin training as a child, studying with Professor O. W. Frederick at the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Chicago.
He studied clarinet, saxophone and bassoon under the direction of legendary Captain Walter Dyett at Du Sable High School in Chicago, and received a music scholarship to study classical violin with Bruce Hayden at Florida A&M University. He received a B.S. in Music Education in 1961. Immediately following graduation, he taught music in Alabama schools, and then in Chicago.  

Classically trained, Jenkins was also influenced by the great jazz masters, and played saxophone and clarinet in a number of jazz ensembles, but his passion, from the age of eight, was the violin, and he found a way to meld his classical technique and his love of jazz when he joined the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians, a pivotal Chicago organization which originated a vibrant new form of creative improvised music. Moving to Paris in 1969, Jenkins toured Europe with his first group: The Creative Construction Company of Chicago, with Anthony Braxton and Leo Smith. In  1970, he came to New York and formed another cooperative, The Revolutionary Ensemble, a trio of bass, (Sirone) violin, and drums (Jerome Cooper), which toured internationally to critical acclaim, and went on to record five albums.
He also developed his solo compositions and premiered his first works in this format at a concert at the Washington Square Peace Church in Greenwich Village. 

In the '70s and '80s Jenkins received major support for music composition with many grants and commissions for chamber ensemble, orchestra, dance, and theater. During this period, in addition to touring as a soloist and with various instrumental
groups under his leadership, his music was performed by the Brooklyn Philharmonic, the Albany Symphony, the Cleveland Chamber Symphony, the Kronos Quartet, the Dessoff Choirs, the Pittsburgh New Music Ensemble, and the New Music Consort, among others. 

In 1989 Jenkins was commissioned by Hans Werner Henze for the Munich Bienale New Music Theater Festival to write the opera/ballet, Mother Of Three Sons, choreographed and directed by Bill T. Jones. It premiered in Munich and was later staged by the New York City Opera, the Houston Opera, and was broadcast on German television. He received a Bessie (New York Dance and Performance Award) "for the lyrical, intricately constructed river of jazz and opera".

In 1998, the Cleveland Chamber Symphony performed and recorded Wonderlust, a work for chamber orchestra and two soloists and in the last six years Jenkins has performed at numerous festivals and venues here and in Europe including the Other Minds Festival in San Francisco, California Institute for the Arts, the Contemporary Museum in New Orleans, the Chicago Jazz Festival, as well as international jazz festivals in Portugal, Sardinia, and Canada. Other recent projects have been a commissioned piece for tenor, baritone, and brass quartet which was performed at Merlin Hall as part of the World Music series in New York, in San Francisco and at North Florida State University.

His most recent touring group - Equal Interest, a trio with violin, (Jenkins), piano, (Myra Melford), and woodwinds (Joseph Jarman) - was formed  in 1999. The British Arts Council commissioned its members to write pieces for a group of nine
British musicians, and Equal Interest performed with these musicians on a ten-city tour of England. 

Jenkins held residencies and guest professorships at many American universities including Oberlin, Bennington, Harvard, Brown, University of Michigan, Williams, California Institute of the Arts, Bard College, and Duke.  He was guest composer/ master teacher/performer at the Della Rosa of Portland, Tom Buckner's Interpretations series in New York, the American Composers series at the Kennedy Center, the Atlantic Center for the Arts, the Atlanta Virtuoso, and the First American Violin Congress at the invitation of Sir Yehudi Menuhin.

He received numerous commissions and awards - from the National Endowment for the Arts, New York Foundation for the Arts, the New York State Council for the Arts, The Rockefeller Foundation's Multi Arts Production Fund among others, and was awarded a 2003 composition grant from the Fromm Foundation for Coincidents. In 2004 he received a Guggenheim Fellowship.

Jenkins also collaborated with dancer Felicia Norton and was commissioned by Lincoln Center's Out of Doors Series for collaborations with choreographers Molissa Fenley and Mark Dendy. 

Jenkins served on the Board of Directors of Meet the Composer in New York and the Atlantic Center for the Arts, and as Artistic Director and Board Member of Composers' Forum. He has sat on many panels for music including the National
Endowment, the Herb Alpert Foundation, The Bush Foundation, The Pew Charitable Trusts, and New York Foundation for the Arts, and the New York State Council for the Arts. He placed numerous times in critics' and readers' polls in Downbeat and Jazz Magazine. 

In groupings from solo to chamber orchestras, Jenkins has recorded 25 albums/ CD's, nine of which have been reissued. Recent recordings include: Solo, a suite for solo violin and viola, Lovely Music (1999), Equal Interest, Omnitone (2000), The
Revolutionary Ensemble, Mutable Music (2004), And Now, The Revolutionary Ensemble, Pi Recordings (2004), and The Art of Improvisation, Mutable Music (2006).


Quincy Jones


- The Autobiography of Quincy Jones, New York, 2001.


Duke Jordan


- Thorbjorn Sjogren : The Discography of Duke Jordan, 3nd revised ed., Soborg, 1992.


Louis Jordan


- Jacques Lubin & Danny Garçon : Louis Jordan Discographie, Clarb, Levallois-Perret, 1987.

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